WARNING: Python-LLFUSE is no longer actively developed.

Release 1.5.0 (2023-08-08)

  • Note: this is first pyfuse3 release supporting the Cython 3.0.0 release.

  • Cythonized using Cython 3.0.0 release.

  • Drop Python 3.5, 3.6, 3.7 support, see #69. Minimum requirement is Python 3.8 now.

  • Get rid of PyEval_InitThreads, #55.

  • CI: also test on python 3.12 / cython 3.0 release

  • Tell Cython that callbacks may raise exceptions, #90.

  • Misc. CI, testing, build related fixes/improvements.

Release 1.4.4 (2023-05-21)

  • CI: use the matrix for cy/py combinations, support and test on Cython 3 beta

  • cy3: cdef void* f(void* d) noexcept with gil, #78

  • cy3: cdef nogil -> noexcept nogil

  • tests: use shutil.which() instead of which(1) executable

  • tests/examples: fix tmpfs: backport fix from pyfuse3

  • tests/examples: fix lltest: add statfs implementation, remove -l from umount

Release 1.4.3 (2023-05-09)

  • cythonize with Cython 0.29.34 (brings python 3.12 support)

  • also test on python 3.12-dev

  • add a minimal pyproject.toml, #70

  • fix basedir in (malfunctioned with pip install -e .)

  • tests: fix integer overflow on 32-bit architectures

Release 1.4.2 (2022-05-31)

  • cythonize with Cython 0.29.30 (brings python 3.11 support)

  • also test on python 3.10 and 3.11-dev

  • remove “nonempty” default mount option, seems unsupported now.

Release 1.4.1 (2021-01-31)

  • timestamp rounding tests: avoid y2038 issue in test

Release 1.4.0 (2021-01-24)

  • Remove py2 and py3<3.5 support, minimum requirement is Python 3.5 now. If you are stuck on Python 2.x or < 3.5, use llfuse<1.4.0.

  • return rc=2 in error cases, fixes #52. implements same behaviour as pyfuse3 for these cases.

  • Use EACCES instead of EPERM for file permission errors, fixes #36.

  • Fix long-standing rounding error in file date handling when the nanosecond part of file dates were > 999999500, fixes #38.

  • Docs: add link to pyfuse3 porting hints ticket

  • Testing:

    • Add Power support (ppc64le) to travis CI.

    • Move CI to GitHub Actions, except ppc64le.

    • Test fixes for pytest 6.

Release 1.3.8 (2020-10-10)

  • fix compilation on FreeBSD, #28

  • export DEVELOPER_MODE=1 can be used to opt in (default is 0), #22

  • twine-based pypi-uploading, Qubes OS support for GPG signing, see util/sdist-sign and pypi-upload

Release 1.3.7 (2020-10-04)

  • Rebuild with Cython 0.29.21 for Python 3.9 compatibility.

Release 1.3.6 (2019-02-14)

  • No change upload.

  • Python-LLFUSE is no longer actively maintained. Unless you are stuck with Python 2.x or libfuse 2.x, we recommended to use the pyfuse3 module instead.

Release 1.3.5 (2018-08-30)

  • Add handle_signals option to llfuse.main

  • Several fixes to examples/

  • Now compatible with Python 3.7

Release 1.3.4 (2018-04-29)

  • No-change rebuild with Cython 0.28.2.

Release 1.3.3 (2018-03-31)

  • Dropped pytest-catchlog dependency and add support for Pytest 3.3.0.

  • Minor bugfixes.

Release 1.3.2 (2017-11-13)

  • Minor bugfixes.

Release 1.3.1 (2017-09-22)

  • The main loop now terminates properly again when terminated by a signal.

Release 1.3 (2017-09-15)

  • The StatvfsData class now has an ~StatvfsData.f_namemax attribute.

  • EntryAttributes and StatvfsData instances can now be pickled and copied. Other llfuse classes now raise an exception when the do not support pickling/copying.

Release 1.2 (2017-01-22)

  • The attr argument of the setattr handler now contains valid values only for the attributes that are to be set.

    Previously, the documentation assorted that other attributes would be set to the original (unchanged) values. However, that was actually never the case.

Release 1.1.1 (2016-07-27)

  • Fixed the description of the lookup handler (should return zero if there is no such entry, not a negative value).

  • Fixed the description of the EntryAttributes structure (descriptions of attr_timeout and entry_timeout were switched).

Release 1.1 (2016-05-23)

  • Added support for nanosecond resolution time-stamps in GNU/kFreeBSD.

  • Fixed another set of build issues on FreeBSD.

Release 1.0 (2016-03-08)

Note: The 1.0 version number does not imply any special stability or an API freeze. It’s a consequence of switching to semantic versioning, where backwards incompatible changes will always result in increased major version.

  • Fixed an overflow when accessing the *st_xtime_ns attributes of the EntryAttributes class from Python on 32-bit systems.

  • POTENTIAL COMPATIBILITY BREAK: The destroy handler is now called with the global lock acquired.

Release 0.43 (2016-02-23)

  • Fixed build-failure under OS-X.

  • Fixed some build failures under FreeBSD (hopefully all of them, but no testers were available before the release).

  • The workers parameter to llfuse.main may now be None.

Release 0.42.1 (2016-02-01)

  • Include HTML documentation.

Release 0.42 (2016-01-30)

  • The documentation has been clarified and extended - please take a look even if you’re already familiar with Python-LLFUSE.

  • Extended coverage of unit tests.

  • Fixed a compile error under OS-X.

  • Added notify_store function.

  • Added get_sup_groups function.

  • The read handler may now return arbitrary objects that as long as they implement the buffer protocol.

  • Implemented a forget_multi handler (used behind the scenes).

  • Many classes were rewritten in Cython for improved performance.

  • Python thread-specific data is now initialized only once rather than every time a handler is called.

  • SIGINT (Ctrl-C) now properly terminates llfuse.main also when running with multiple workers.

  • The return value of llfuse.main now indicates if the loop was terminated due to an unmount request or due to a signal.


  • Ducktyping the EntryAttributes class is no longer allowed, Operations methods must return instances of this class (rather than any object that provides the necessary attributes).

  • The st_Xtime attributes of the EntryAttributes have been dropped in favor of the st_Xtime_ns attributes.

  • The setattr method now always receives a completely filled EntryAttributes instance. To determine which attributes should be changed, a new fields argument has been introduced.

  • The setattr method now also receives an fh parameter.

  • The llfuse.main function now has a workers parameter, and the single parameter was dropped.

  • Almost all request handlers now receive a RequestContext instance in an additional parameter.

Release 0.41.1 (2015-08-22)

  • Added some files in test/ that were missing in the 0.41 tarball. Tests now support the --installed option, produce prettier output, and check for error messages printed to stderr or stdout.

  • Python-LLFUSE can now also be built on NetBSD.

  • Added support for FUSE_SET_ATTR_ATIME_NOW and FUSE_SET_ATTR_MTIME_NOW setattr flags. Previously, these would be silently ignored.

  • Fixed an AssertionError in examples/

Release 0.41 (2015-08-20)

  • Fixed a syntax error in contrib/

  • Introduced an llfuse.__version__ attribute.

  • Added more reasonable default values for llfuse.EntryAttributes.

  • Added new minimal example, examples/

  • Added unit tests.

  • Added an example for a pass-through file system, examples/

Release 0.40 (2013-11-26)

  • Re-raising an exception from a request handler now works correctly under Python 3. Problems were caused by a Cython bug, but llfuse now works around the issue.

  • File atime, ctime and mtime can now also be represented as nanosecond integer values for increased resolution. Thanks to for the initial patch.

  • Python-llfuse no longer includes the setuptools/distribute bootstrap script. This module thus has to be installed manually if not already present on the system.

  • Duck-typing of the Operations instance is now supported.

  • Python-llfuse no longer requires a re-compilation of the Cython code ( build_cython step) when compiling for MacOS or FreeBSD.

  • Extended attributes are now properly supported under FreeBSD.

Release 0.39 (2013-05-11)

  • When running under Python 3.x, several functions now work with string objects rather than byte objects:

    • llfuse.init(): the mountpoint argument, and the elements of the fuse_opts argument are expected to be of type str.

    • llfuse.listdir(): the path argument is expected to be of type str, and the values returned by the iterator will be of type str as well.

    • llfuse.getxattr(), llfuse.setxattr(): the path and name arguments are expected to be of type str.

    When necessary, values will be converted to the file system encoding using the surrogatescape handler as described in PEP 383 (

  • Renamed get_off_t_bytes() and get_ino_t_bytes() to get_off_t_bits() and get_ino_t_bits() and documented them.

Release 0.38 (2013-01-05)

  • Various small bugfixes.

Release 0.37.1 (2011-12-10)

  • Fixed a segfault-causing race condition in Lock.acquire() and Lock.yield().

Release 0.37 (2011-12-05)

  • Explicitly call fuse_chan_destroy() in llfuse.close(), so that the mountpoint becomes inaccessible right away, even while the process is still running.

  • Added get_ino_t_bytes() and get_off_t_bytes() that return the number of bytes used for representing inode numbers and file offsets.

  • The yield_() method of the global lock now takes an additional count argument that can be used to yield the lock more than once.

  • Changed implementation of global lock. The global lock is no longer a mutex, but a boolean variable protected by a mutex, and changes are tracked with a condition object. This allows lock.yield() to work properly: if there are other threads waiting for the lock, they are guaranteed to run. If there are no other threads waiting for the lock, execution of the active thread continues immediately.

    The previous implementation using sched_yield() was mostly broken: threads trying to acquire the global lock were calling pthread_mutex_lock, so they got removed from the kernels runqueue. However, calls to sched_yield() would just put the active thread into the expired runqueue, and calls to pthread_mutex_unlock apparently do not synchronously move the threads waiting for the lock back to a runqueue. Therefore, most of the time the active thread would be the only thread in any runqueue and thus continue to run.

  • The Operations.forget() method now receives a list of (inode, nlookup) tuples rather than just one such tuple.

  • invalidate_entry() and invalidate_inode() no longer work synchronously. Instead, the message is put in a queue and send by a background thread.

  • The acquire() method of the global lock now has an optional timeout parameter.

  • The create() request handler now receives the open flags as an additional parameter.

Release 0.36 (2011-09-20)

  • Don’t send SIGHUP if exception is encountered in destroy() handler (since at that point, main loop has already terminated and signal handling been reset).

  • Fix a problem with request handler exceptions being re-raised not only in llfuse.main(), but also in llfuse.close() when running single threaded.

Release 0.35 (2011-09-14)

  • Explicitly initialize Python thread support. Previously, calling llfuse.main() resulted in a crash if no Python threads were used before the call.

  • Removed handle_exc() method. If request handle raise an exception, the main loop now terminates and the exception is re-raised and passed to the caller of llfuse.main().

  • llfuse.close() can now leave the mountpoint in an inaccessible state to signal a shutdown due to an internal file system error.

  • The destroy() request handler is now called without the global lock acquired. This makes sense, because it’s not called as part of the main loop but by llfuse.close().

Release 0.34 (2011-08-10)

  • Explicitly cast S_* constants to mode_t to prevent compiler warnings on FreeBSD.

  • Fixed initialization error under Python 3.

Release 0.33 (2011-07-03)

  • Various small bugfixes.

Release 0.32 (2011-06-04)

  • Fixed unlink() bug in contrib/

  • Include src/*.pxi files in release tarball. Were accidentally omitted in previous version.

  • Moved debian/ directory into separate repository.

Release 0.31 (2011-05-12)

  • Use long for storing nanoseconds in file [amc]times, not int.

Release 0.30 (2011-03-08)

  • Fixed compile errors with Python 3.0 and 3.1.

  • Fixed error handling, errno is now read correctly.

  • Documentation is now shipped in tarball rather than generated during installation.

Release 0.29 (2010-12-30)

  • Initial release